Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger (2024)

Author affiliations

1 LIGO, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

2 Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA

3 Università di Salerno, Fisciano, I-84084 Salerno, Italy

4 INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte S.Angelo, I-80126 Napoli, Italy

5 University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

6 OzGrav, School of Physics & Astronomy, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia

7 LIGO Livingston Observatory, Livingston, LA 70754, USA

8 Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Université Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy, France

9 University of Sannio at Benevento, I-82100 Benevento, Italy and INFN, Sezione di Napoli, I-80100 Napoli, Italy

10 Albert-Einstein-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, D-30167 Hannover, Germany

11 The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA

12 NCSA, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

13 University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, UK

14 Nikhef, Science Park, 1098 XG Amsterdam, The Netherlands

15 LIGO, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

16 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, 12227-010 São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil

17 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), I-67100 L'Aquila, Italy

18 INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, I-67100 Assergi, Italy

19 Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune 411007, India

20 International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bengaluru 560089, India

21 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA

22 Leibniz Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany

23 Università di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

24 INFN, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

25 OzGrav, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia

26 Laboratoire des Matériaux Avancés (LMA), CNRS/IN2P3, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France

27 SUPA, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK

28 LAL, Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91898 Orsay, France

29 California State University Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA

30 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), I-56021 Cascina, Pisa, Italy

31 Chennai Mathematical Institute, Chennai 603103, India

32 Università di Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Roma, Italy

33 INFN, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Roma, Italy

34 Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany

35 INFN, Sezione di Roma, I-00185 Roma, Italy

36 Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK

37 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott, AZ 86301, USA

38 Albert-Einstein-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany

39 APC, AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité,F-75205 Paris Cedex 13, France

40 Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Daejeon 34141, Korea

41 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

42 Università di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy

43 INFN, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy

44 Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA

45 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA

46 SUPA, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK

47 LIGO Hanford Observatory, Richland, WA 99352, USA

48 Caltech CaRT, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

49 Wigner RCP, RMKI, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 29-33, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary

50 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

51 Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA

52 Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

53 Università di Camerino, Dipartimento di Fisica, I-62032 Camerino, Italy

54 Università di Padova, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, I-35131 Padova, Italy

55 INFN, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy

56 Institute of Physics, Eötvös University, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary

57 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-716, Warsaw, Poland

58 Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623, USA

59 University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK

60 INFN, Sezione di Genova, I-16146 Genova, Italy

61 RRCAT, Indore MP 452013, India

62 Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia

63 SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, UK

64 The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

65 OzGrav, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia

66 Institute of Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics, Radboud University, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands

67 Artemis, Université Côte d'Azur, Observatoire Côte d'Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4, France

68 Institut FOTON, CNRS, Université de Rennes 1, F-35042 Rennes, France

69 Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA

70 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA

71 Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, UPMC-Sorbonne Universités, CNRS, ENS-PSL Research University, Collège de France, F-75005 Paris, France

72 Carleton College, Northfield, MN 55057, USA

73 OzGrav, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia

74 Astronomical Observatory Warsaw University, 00-478 Warsaw, Poland

75 VU University Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands

76 University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

77 Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

78 Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France

79 Università di Napoli "Federico II," Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli, Italy

80 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Genova, I-16146 Genova, Italy

81 RESCEU, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan

82 Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

83 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA

84 Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022, USA

85 Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Universitat de València, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain

86 Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, I-00184 Roma, Italy

87 National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu City, 30013 Taiwan, Republic of China

88 Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia

89 Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration & Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA

90 Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada

91 University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

92 Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea

93 The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong

94 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, I-35122 Padova, Italy

95 INFN, Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Applications, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy

96 OzGrav, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia

97 Università di Roma "La Sapienza," I-00185 Roma, Italy

98 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels 1050, Belgium

99 Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA

100 Departamento de Matemáticas, Universitat de València, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain

101 Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA

102 Universitat de les Illes Balears, IAC3—IEEC, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain

103 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA

104 Bellevue College, Bellevue, WA 98007, USA

105 Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428, India

106 The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK

107 Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche, Fisiche e Informatiche, Università di Parma, I-43124 Parma, Italy

108 INFN, Sezione di Milano Bicocca, Gruppo Collegato di Parma, I-43124 Parma, Italy

109 California State University, Los Angeles, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA

110 Università di Trento, Dipartimento di Fisica, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy

111 Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA

112 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan

113 Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain

114 School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, UK

115 University and Institute of Advanced Research, Koba Institutional Area, Gandhinagar Gujarat 382007, India

116 IISER-TVM, CET Campus, Trivandrum Kerala 695016, India

117 University of Szeged, Dóm tér 9, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary

118 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

119 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005, India

120 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, I-80131, Napoli, Italy

121 Università degli Studi di Urbino "Carlo Bo," I-61029 Urbino, Italy

122 INFN, Sezione di Firenze, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy

123 Physik-Institut, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland

124 American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA

125 University of Białystok, 15-424 Białystok, Poland

126 University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

127 University of Washington Bothell, 18115 Campus Way NE, Bothell, WA 98011, USA

128 Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russia

129 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 34055, Korea

130 Inje University Gimhae, South Gyeongsang 50834, Korea

131 National Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Daejeon 34047, Korea

132 NCBJ, 05-400 Świerk-Otwock, Poland

133 Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00656 Warsaw, Poland

134 Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI 49242, USA

135 Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea

136 Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea

137 NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812, USA

138 ESPCI, CNRS, F-75005 Paris, France

139 Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, LA 70813, USA

140 College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA

141 Centre Scientifique de Monaco, 8 quai Antoine Ier, MC-98000, Monaco

142 Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India

143 IISER-Kolkata, Mohanpur, West Bengal 741252, India

144 Whitman College, 345 Boyer Avenue, Walla Walla, WA 99362 USA

145 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076, India

146 Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, I-56126 Pisa, Italy

147 Université de Lyon, F-69361 Lyon, France

148 Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, NY 14456, USA

149 OzGrav, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia

150 Janusz Gil Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Góra, 65-265 Zielona Góra, Poland

151 University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

152 King's College London, University of London, London WC2R 2LS, UK

153 Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar Ahmedabad Gujarat 382424, India

154 Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Sangareddy, Khandi, Telangana 502285, India

155 International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal RN 59078-970, Brazil

156 Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI 49104, USA

157 Università di Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy

158 Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212, USA

159 Abilene Christian University, Abilene, TX 79699, USA

160 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA

161 INFN Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy

162 Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari BA, Italy

163 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

164 University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA

165 Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA

166 Jacobs Technology, Inc., Huntsville, AL 35806, USA

167 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA

168 School of Physics, O'Brien Centre for Science North, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland

169 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, D-85748 Garching, Germany

170 ISDC, Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d'Écogia, 16 CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland

171 European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands

172 INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy

173 DTU Space, National Space Institute Elektrovej, Building 327 DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby Denmark

174 Centro de Astrobiología (CAB-CSIC/INTA, ESAC Campus), Camino bajo del Castillo S/N, E-28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain

175 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, 9 Av. Roche, F-31028 Toulouse, France

176 APC, AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris Sorbonne Paris Cité,10 rue Alice Domont et Léonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13, France.

177 DSM/Irfu/Service d'Astrophysique, Bat. 709 Orme des Merisiers CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France

178 Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117997, Russia

179 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskiy per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141700, Russia

180 INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Milano, via E. Bassini 15, I-20133 Milano, Italy

181 Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, Garching b. Munchen D-85741, Germany

182 Department of Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5005, Australia

183 DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany

184 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand

185 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Science Faculty CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium

186 Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

187 Oskar Klein Centre and Dept.of Physics, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden

188 Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire, Université de Genève, CH-1211 Genève, Switzerland

189 Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, Erwin-Rommel-Str.1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany

190 Department of Physics, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA

191 Dept.of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

192 Dept.of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

193 III. Physikalisches Institut, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen, Germany

194 Physics Department, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701, USA

195 Dept.of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada

196 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA

197 Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, Staudinger Weg 7, D-55099 Mainz, Germany

198 Dept.of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

199 Dept.of Physics and Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

200 Dept.of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

201 Fakultät für Physik & Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany

202 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA

203 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

204 Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Department of Physics, Wuppertal, Germany

205 Dept.of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

206 Dept.of Physics, TU Dortmund University, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany

207 Dept.of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea

208 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden

209 Dept.of Physics and Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA

210 Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium

211 SNOLAB, 1039 Regional Road 24, Creighton Mine 9, Lively, ON P3Y 1N2, Canada

212 Institut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany

213 Physik-department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching, Germany

214 Dept.of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

215 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA

216 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA

217 Bartol Research Institute and Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA

218 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Gent, B-9000 Gent, Belgium

219 Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, D-12489 Berlin, Germany

220 Dept.of Physics, Southern University, Baton Rouge, LA 70813, USA

221 Dept.of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA

222 Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan

223 Dept. of Physics and Institute for Global Prominent Research, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan

224 CTSPS, Clark-Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA

225 Dept.of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, 502 Yates Street, Science Hall Room 108, Box 19059, Arlington, TX 76019, USA

226 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800, USA

227 Université de Mons, B-7000 Mons, Belgium

228 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA

229 Dept.of Physics, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA

230 Dept.of Physics, University of Wisconsin, River Falls, WI 54022, USA

231 Dept.of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

232 Dept.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alaska Anchorage, 3211 Providence Drive, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA

233 Dept.of Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP, UK

234 School of Physics and Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

235 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411008, India

236 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076, India

237 Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India

238 Ioffe Institute, Politekhnicheskaya26, St.Petersburg 194021, Russia

239 University of California-Berkeley, Space Sciences Lab, 7GaussWay, Berkeley, CA94720, USA

240 Emeritus, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD20771, USA

241 Key Laboratory Of Particle Astrophysics, Institute Of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy Of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

242 University Of Chinese Academy Of Sciences, Chinese Academy Of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

243 Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100088, China

244 GRPHE, Université de Haute Alsace, Institut universitaire de technologie de Colmar, 34 rue du Grillenbreit BP 50568, F-68008 Colmar, France

245 Technical University of Catalonia, Laboratory of Applied Bioacoustics, Rambla Exposició, E-08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona, Spain

246 INFN—Sezione di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova, Italy

247 Institut d'Investigació per a la Gestió Integrada de les Zones Costaneres (IGIC), Universitat Politècnica de València. C/ Paranimf 1, E-46730 Gandia, Spain

248 Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS/IN2P3, CPPM, Marseille, France

249 APC, Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France

250 IFIC, Instituto de Física Corpuscular (CSIC—Universitat de València), c/ Catedrático José Beltrán, 2 E-46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain

251 LAM—Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Pôle de l'Étoile Site de Château-Gombert, rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie 38, F-13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France

252 National Center for Energy Sciences and Nuclear Techniques, B.P. 1382, R. P. 10001 Rabat, Morocco

253 INFN—Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (LNS), Via S. Sofia 62, I-95123 Catania, Italy

254 Huygens-Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratorium, Universiteit Leiden, The Netherlands

255 Institute for Space Science, RO-077125 Bucharest, Măgurele, Romania

256 Universiteit van Amsterdam, Instituut voor Hoge-Energie Fysica, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam, The Netherlands

257 INFN—Sezione di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro 2, I-00185 Roma, Italy

258 Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università La Sapienza, P.le Aldo Moro 2, I-00185 Roma, Italy

259 Gran Sasso Science Institute, Viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-00167 L'Aquila, Italy

260 University Mohammed V in Rabat, Faculty of Sciences, 4 av. Ibn Battouta, B.P. 1014, 10000, Rabat, Morocco

261 INFN—Sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti-Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna, Italy

262 INFN—Sezione di Bari, Via E. Orabona 4, I-70126 Bari, Italy

263 Department of Computer Architecture and Technology/CITIC, University of Granada, E-18071 Granada, Spain

264 Géoazur, UCA, CNRS, IRD, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Sophia Antipolis, France

265 Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova, Italy

266 Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex, France

267 University Mohammed I, Laboratory of Physics of Matter and Radiations, B.P. 717, Oujda 6000, Morocco

268 Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer Str. 31, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany

269 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell'Università, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna, Italy

270 Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire, Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS/IN2P3, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France

271 INFN—Sezione di Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, I-95125 Catania, Italy

272 LSIS, Aix Marseille Université CNRS ENSAM LSIS UMR 7296 F-13397 Marseille, France; Université de Toulon CNRS LSIS UMR 7296,F-83957 La Garde, France

273 Institut Universitaire de France, F-75005 Paris, France

274 Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) and Utrecht University, Landsdiep 4, 1797 SZ 't Horntje (Texel), The Netherlands

275 Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte and ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstr. 7, D-96049 Bamberg, Germany

276 Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Leninskie gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia

277 Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), Aix-Marseille University, F-13288, Marseille, Cedex 9, France; Université du Sud Toulon-Var, CNRS-INSU/IRD UM 110, 83957, La Garde Cedex, France

278 Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia dell'Università, Viale Andrea Doria 6, I-95125 Catania, Italy

279 Direction des Sciences de la Matière, Institut de recherche sur les lois fondamentales de l'Univers, Service de Physique des Particules, CEA Saclay,F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France

280 INFN—Sezione di Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

281 Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

282 INFN—Sezione di Napoli, Via Cintia I-80126 Napoli, Italy

283 Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università Federico II di Napoli, Via Cintia I-80126, Napoli, Italy

284 Dpto. de Física Teórica y del Cosmos & C.A.F.P.E., University of Granada, E-18071 Granada, Spain

285 Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178, F-67000 Strasbourg, France

286 University of Leicester, X-ray and Observational Astronomy Research Group, Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK

287 University College London, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, RH5 6NT, UK

288 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

289 Astrophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA

290 Joint Space-Science Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

291 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, I-90146, Palermo, Italy

292 Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Istanbul, Beyzιt 34119, Istanbul, Turkey

293 Space Science Data Center—Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, I-00133 Roma, Italy

294 Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

295 Universities Space Research Association, 7178 Columbia Gateway Drive, Columbia, MD 21046, USA

296 National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA

297 Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST) and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD, 20771 USA

298 Department of Physics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA

299 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate, Italy

300 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK

301 Los Alamos National Laboratory, B244, Los Alamos, NM, 87545, USA

302 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monteporzio Catone, Italy

303 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4111, USA

304 INAF-IAPS, via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma, Italy

305 Dip. di Fisica, Univ. di Roma "Tor Vergata," via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma, Italy

306 Gran Sasso Science Institute, viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-67100 L'Aquila, Italy

307 INAF-OAR, via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy

308 ASI Space Science Data Center (SSDC), via del Politecnico, I-00133 Roma, Italy

309 INAF-IASF-Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy

310 INAF-IASF Milano, via E.Bassini 15, I-20133 Milano, Italy

311 Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, via del Politecnico, I-00133 Roma, Italy

312 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, I-09047 Selargius (CA), Italy

313 Dip.di Fisica, Università di Trieste and INFN, via Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy

314 Unitat de Física de les Radiacions, Departament de Física, and CERES-IEEC, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain

315 Birkeland Centre for Space Science, Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

316 INFN-Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy

317 University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

318 CIFS, c/o Physics Department, University of Turin, via P. Giuria 1, I-10125, Torino, Italy

319 INFN Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma, Italy

320 East Windsor RSD, 25A Leshin Lane, Hightstown, NJ 08520, USA

321 Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Emilio Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (LC), Italy

322 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA

323 The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA

324 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

325 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, La Serena, Chile

326 Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

327 Departments of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

328 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark

329 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

330 Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

331 Department of Physics, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA

332 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA

333 Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK

334 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA

335 Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, 727 E. Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA

336 Astrophysical Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 251B Clippinger Lab, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA

337 GeorgeP. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA

338 LSST, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA

339 The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101, USA

340 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (UMR7095: CNRS & UPMC), 98 bis Bd Arago, F-75014, Paris, France

341 Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University,Evanston, IL 60208, USA

342 Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA

343 Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain

344 National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

345 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK

346 Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland

347 Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

348 Observatòrio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20080-090, Brazil

349 National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA

350 Departamento de Astronomonía, Universidad de Chile, Camino del Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile

351 Department of Physics and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA

352 Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1040, USA

353 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

354 Department of Astronomy & Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA

355 Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720-8160, USA

356 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA

357 Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP—13083-859, Brazil

358 Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia—LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ—20921-400, Brazil

359 Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile

360 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK

361 Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK

362 CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014, Paris, France

363 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014, Paris, France

364 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P. O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

365 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA

366 Institute of Cosmology & Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK

367 Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ—20921-400, Brazil

368 Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

369 Institute of Space Sciences, IEEC-CSIC, Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain

370 George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA

371 Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India

372 Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr.2, D-85748 Garching, Germany

373 Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany

374 Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

375 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA

376 Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain

377 Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

378 Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

379 Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 München, Germany

380 Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, 501 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

381 Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

382 Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

383 Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

384 Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA

385 Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia

386 Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP—05314-970, Brazil

387 Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

388 Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain

389 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany

390 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK

391 Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain

392 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 510, Upton, NY 11973, USA

393 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

394 Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA

395 Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA

396 Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

397 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA

398 Department of Astronomy and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA

399 Department of Physics, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-5270, USA

400 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Padova, Via 8 Febbraio, I-35122 Padova, Italy

401 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo della Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy

402 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy

403 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via di Frascati, 33, I-00078 Monteporzio Catone, Italy

404 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (LC), Italy

405 Space Science Data Center, ASI, Via del Politecnico, s.n.c., I-00133, Roma, Italy

406 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, salita Moiariello 16, I-80131, Napoli, Italy

407 INAF—Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy

408 Dipartimento di Fisica "G. Occhialini," Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, P.za della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano, Italy

409 Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier 2, 34095, Montpellier, France

410 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, I-95123, Catania, Italy

411 Department of physics, University of Naples Federico II, Corso Umberto I, 40, I-80138 Napoli, Italy

412 Institute for Astrophysics and Particle Physics, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25/8, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria

413 Departamento de Ciencias Fιsicas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Fernández Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile

414 Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, via Valleggio 11, I-22100, Como, Italy

415 INAF—Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Milano, via E. Bassini 15, I-20133 Milano, Italy

416 INAF—Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Pino Torinese, Italy

417 INAF—Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125, Florence, Italy

418 INAF—Istituto di Radioastronomia di Bologna, Bologna Italy

419 Key Laboratory of dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science, Nanjing 210008, China

420 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg, Germany

421 Department of Physics, The George Washington University, Corcoran Hall, Washington, DC 20052, USA

422 Astronomy, Physics, and Statistics Institute of Sciences (APSIS)

423 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool Science Park, IC2, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK

424 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching bei München, Germany

425 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei München, Germany

426 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste, Italy

427 Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel

428 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Place Jules Janssen, F-92190, Meudon, France

429 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK

430 Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan

431 Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan

432 Department of Physics, University of Bath Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK

433 CEA Saclay—DRF/Irfu/Département d'Astrophysique, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France

434 Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China

435 Center for Astrophysics and Cosmology (CAC), University of Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica, Slovenia

436 Anton Pannekoek Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands

437 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, ic2, Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK

438 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

439 Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, China

440 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, L3 5RF, UK

441 Department of Physics, The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA

442 Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Université Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France

443 Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz,Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA

444 Università di Pisa and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

445 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, and Università di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy

446 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy

447 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy

448 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "G. Galilei," Università di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy

449 California State University, Los Angeles, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA

450 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy

451 Dipartimento di Fisica "M. Merlin" dell'Università e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy

452 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy

453 W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

454 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy

455 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy

456 Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier, CNRS/IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France

457 Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany

458 Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST) and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

459 Italian Space Agency, Via del Politecnico, snc, I-00133 Roma, Italy

460 College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030; Resident at Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA

461 Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5352, USA

462 Space Science Data Center—Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via del Politecnico, snc, I-00133, Roma, Italy

463 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy

464 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA 94928-3609, USA

465 RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology (TTK), D-52056 Aachen, Germany

466 INAF Istituto di Radioastronomia, I-40129 Bologna, Italy

467 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Bologna, I-40127 Bologna, Italy

468 Università Telematica Pegaso, Piazza Trieste e Trento, 48, I-80132 Napoli, Italy

469 Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, École polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, F-91128 Palaiseau, France

470 Department of Physical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan

471 Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

472 Centre d'Études Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, IN2P3/CNRS, Université Bordeaux 1, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan Cedex, France

473 Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace, Université d'Orléans/CNRS, F-45071 Orléans Cedex 02, France

474 Station de radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/INSU, F-18330 Nançay, France

475 Science Institute, University of Iceland, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland

476 Nordita, Roslagstullsbacken 23, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

477 Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

478 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma "Tor Vergata," I-00133 Roma, Italy

479 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Kinard Lab of Physics, Clemson, SC 29634-0978, USA

480 Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, D-80805 München, Germany

481 Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa

482 Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik and Institut für Theoretische Physik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria

483 Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China

484 Laboratory for Space Research, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

485 NYCB Real-Time Computing Inc., Lattingtown, NY 11560-1025, USA

486 Purdue University Northwest, Hammond, IN 46323, USA

487 Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan

488 CNRS, IRAP, F-31028 Toulouse cedex 4, France

489 GAHEC, Universit de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, F-31400 Toulouse, France

490 Institute of Space Sciences (CSICIEEC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Magrans s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain

491 Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), E-08010 Barcelona, Spain

492 INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Bologna, via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy

493 Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 11c, 5270 Ajdovščina, Slovenia

494 Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

495 ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D)

496 ATNF, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia

497 ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO)

498 University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA

499 ATNF, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, 26 Dick Perry Avenue, Kensington, WA 6152, Australia

500 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia

501 Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Mail H30, PO Box 218, VIC 3122, Australia

502 Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530, USA

503 Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117-5575, USA

504 School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

505 Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027, USA

506 Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, H29, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia

507 The Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav), Australia

508 The Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-Sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Australia

509 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia

510 Australian Astronomical Observatory, 105 Delhi Road, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia

511 George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics & Astronomy, Texas A. & M. University,Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4242 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA

512 Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China

513 Chinese Center for Antarctic Astronomy, Nanjing 210008, China

514 The University of the Virgin Islands, 2 John Brewer's Bay, St. Thomas 00802, USVI

515 Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, VIC 3800, Australia

516 Centre for Translational Data Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

517 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

518 CSIRO Astronomy & Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia

519 SKA Organisation, Jodrell Bank Observatory, SK11 9DL, UK

520 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

521 Physics Department and Tsinghua Center for Astrophysics (THCA), Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China

522 Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China

523 School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia

524 Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology, Nanjing 210042, China

525 Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

526 School of Astronomy and Space Science and Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics in Ministry of Education, Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093, China

527 Orangewave Innovation Science, 2113 Old Highway 52, Moncks Corner, SC 29461, USA

528 Department of Physics, 2354 Fairchild Drive, U.S. Air Force Academy, CO 80840, USA

529 Universite de Toulouse, IRAP 14 Av. Edouard Belin, F-31000 Toulouse France

530 Auragne Observatory, France

531 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK

532 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain

533 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, UK

534 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, D-85740 Garching, Germany

535 Birmingham Institute for Gravitational Wave Astronomy and School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK

536 School of Physics and Astronomy and Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, VIC 3800, Australia

537 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

538 Anton Pannekoek Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, the Netherlands

539 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, the Netherlands

540 SUPA, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY16 9SS, UK

541 Niels Bohr Institute & Centre for Star and Planet Formation, University of Copenhagen Øster Voldgade 5, DK-1350—Copenhagen, Denmark

542 Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan

543 Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhagi 5, 107 Reykjavík, Iceland

544 Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago, Chile

545 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany

546 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Physics Department, Vorobievy gory, 1 Moscow, 119991, Russia

547 Lomonosov Moscow State University,SAI, Universitetsky prospekt, 13 Moscow, 119234, Russia

548 Observatorio Astronomico Felix Aguilar (OAFA), Avda Benavides s/n, Rivadavia, El Leonsito, Argentina

549 Instituto de Ciencias Astronomicas de la Tierra y del Espacio, Casilla de Correo 49, 5400 San Juan, Argentina

550 Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Av. Ignacio de la Roza 391, San Juan, 5400, Argentina

551 Irkutsk State University Applied Physics Institute, 20, Boulevard, 664003, Irkutsk, Russia

552 Blagoveschenk State Pedagogical University, Lenin str., 104, Blagoveschensk, 675000, Russia

553 Instituto de Astrofsica de Canarias, C/Via Lctea, s/n E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

554 Kislovodsk Solar Station, Pulkovo Observatory RAS, Gagarina str. 100, Kislovodsk, 357700, Russia

555 Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan

556 Subaru Telescope, Hilo, HI 96720, USA

557 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan

558 University of Hyogo, Sayo 679-5313, Japan

559 South African Astronomical Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa

560 Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand

561 Institute of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Mitaka 181-0015, Japan

562 Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan

563 Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585, Japan

564 Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan

565 Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8526, Japan

566 Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, Asakuchi 719-0232, Japan

567 Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing 210008, China

568 Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043, Japan

569 Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan

570 Kagoshima University, Kogoshima 890-0065, Japan

571 Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan

572 Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015, Japan

573 Toho University, Funabashi 274-8510, Japan

574 Konan University, Kobe 658-8501, Japan

575 Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Kashiwa 277-8583, Japan

576 University of Canterbury, Mt John Observatory, Lake Tekapo 7945, New Zealand

577 Division of Physics, Math and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

578 Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore-560034, India

579 University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA

580 South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO), Cape Town 7935, South Africa

581 Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

582 National Center for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind Pune 411007, India

583 Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA

584 Remote Sensing Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7213, Washington, DC 20375, USA

585 Department of Physics, George Washington University,Washington, DC 20052, USA

586 University College London, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, RH5 6NT, UK

587 X-ray and Observational Astronomy Research Group, Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation,Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK

588 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm, University, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

589 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

590 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM, USA

591 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ, UK

592 Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK

593 The Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

594 Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

595 Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel

596 Center for Computational Astrophysics, Simons Foundation, New York, NY 10010, USA

597 Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan

598 Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan

599 Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA

600 Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

601 Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile

602 Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching, Germany

603 Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University,Evanston, IL 60208, USA

604 The Adler Planetarium, Chicago, IL 60605, USA

605 Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK

606 Department of Particle Physics & Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel

607 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1051, USA

608 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, IC2, Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK

609 Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, CA 92182, USA

610 Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583, Japan

611 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

612 University of California Merced, Merced, CA, USA

613 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics,The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

614 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA

615 ISAS/JAXA, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

616 University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan

617 Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan

618 Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8558, Japan

619 Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan

620 JAXA, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan

621 RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan

622 Chuo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan

623 Nihon University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308, Japan

624 Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan

625 Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan

626 The University of Western Australia, 35, Stirling Highway, Perth, WA 6009, Australia

627 Swinburne University, John Street, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia

628 ARTEMIS (UCA, CNRS, OCA), boulevard de l'Observatoire, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France

629 IRAP (CNRS, UPS), 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31029 Toulouse, France

630 The University of the Virgin Islands, 2 John Brewer's Bay, St Thomas 00802, USVI

631 The Auragne Observatory, F-31190 Auragne, France

632 Center of the Exploration of the Origin of the Universe, Astronomy Program, Dept. of Physics & Astronomy, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-rho,Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea

633 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Korea

634 CAS Key Laboratory of Space Astronomy and Technology, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

635 Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK

636 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

637 Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

638 Institute for Astronomy, SUPA (Scottish Universities Physics Alliance), University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK

639 Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Avda. Republica 252, Santiago, 8320000, Chile

640 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS), Nuncio Monseñor Sótero Sanz 100, Providencia, Santiago, Chile

641 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19, Santiago, Chile

642 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden

643 Instituto de Astrofísica and Centro de Astroingeniería, Facultad de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile

644 Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301, USA

645 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "G. Galilei," Università di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 3, I-35122, Padova, Italy

646 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (LC), Italy

647 INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Salita Moiariello 16, I-80131 Napoli, Italy

648 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden

649 SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, The Netherlands

650 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching b. München, Germany

651 ICRANet-Pescara, Piazza della Repubblica 10, I-65122 Pescara, Italy

652 IAP/CNRS and Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

653 Unidad Mixta Internacional Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile,Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile

654 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Viale del Parco Mellini 84, I-00136 Roma, Italy

655 Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK

656 PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

657 CENTRA, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

658 Warsaw University Astronomical Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland

659 Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, FI-21500 Piikkiö, Finland

660 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaiso, Gran Bretaña 1111, Playa Ancha, Valparaíso 2360102, Chile

661 Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB, UK

662 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008, Granada, Spain

663 Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Philosophenweg 12, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany

664 Heidelberger Institut für Theoretische Studien, Schloss-Wolfsbrunnenweg 35, D-69118 Heidelberg, Germany

665 Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland

666 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany

667 Institut fur Physik, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany

668 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 6 and CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis bd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France

669 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy

670 Department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK

671 Department of Astronomy, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago de Chile, Chile

672 School of Physical, Environmental, and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy,Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia

673 ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia

674 Università degli studi di Catania, DFA & DIEEI, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania, Italy

675 INFN—Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via Santa Sofia 62, I-95123 Catania, Italy

676 Department of Physics, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, 9300 South Africa

677 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0149, USA

678 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße 1, D-85748, Garching, Germany

679 Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West and 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USA

680 South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, 7935 Observatory, South Africa

681 Southern African Large Telescope Foundation, P.O. Box 9, 7935 Observatory, South Africa.

682 Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy and Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Texas—Río Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX, USA

683 George P.and Cynthia W.Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics & Astronomy, Department of Physics & Astronomy, TexasA&MUniversity,College Station, TX, USA

684 IATE-OAC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba-CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina

685 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas da U.de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

686 Instituto de Investigación Multidisciplinario en Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad de La Serena, La Serena, Chile

687 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE, Brazil

688 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

689 Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

690 Departamento de Astronomia, Observatório Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

691 Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón, E-44001 Teruel, Spain

692 Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, Tonantzintla, Puebla, México

693 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México

694 Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile

695 Observatorio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Río de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

696 X-ray Astrophysics Laboratory and CRESST, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA

697 Ludwig Maximilian Universität Munich, Faculty of Physics, Munich, Germany

698 Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA

699 Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics—Center for the Evolution of the Elements, USA

700 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IAA-CSIC), Granada, Apdo. 03004, E-18080 Granada, Spain

701 Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática, Escuela de Ingenierías (Unidad Asociada al IAA-CSIC), Universidad de Málaga,Dr. Pedro Ortiz Ramos, E-29071 Málaga, Spain

702 Departamento de Álgebra, Geometría y Topología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Campus de Teatinos, E-29071 sn, Málaga, Spain

703 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 870, 2800 Ensenada, Baja California, México

704 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, BočníII 1401, CZ-141 00Prague, Czech Republic

705 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 25165Ondřejov, Czech Republic

706 Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 1999/2, 182 21 Praha 8, Czech Republic

707 Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 16419, Korea

708 ISDEFE for ESA, ESAC, E-28692 Villanueva de la Cañada (Madrid), Spain

709 Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Manora Peak, Nainital 263 002, India

710 Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand

711 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Lauder, New Zealand

712 Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, CAS, Kunming 650011, Yunnan, China

713 School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA

714 Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada

715 Peripety Scientific Ltd., PO Box 11355 Manners Street, Wellington, 6142, New Zealand

716 Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

717 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia

718 National Centre for Nuclear Research, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland

719 Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1 Fuchinobe, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5258, Japan

720 Nagoya University, Furo, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan

721 Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa 277-8583, Japan

722 Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

723 Kanagawa University, 3-27-1 Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa, Yokohama, Kanagawa 221-8686, Japan

724 Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-Ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan

725 Institute of Applied Physics (IFAC), National Research Council (CNR), Via Madonna del Piano, 10, I-50019 Sesto, Fiorentino, Italy

726 University of Siena, Rettorato, via Banchi di Sotto 55, I-53100 Siena, Italy

727 Space Research Institute, Moscow, 117997, Russia

728 National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, 101000, Russia

729 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, 115409, Russia

730 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, Almaty, 050020, Kazakhstan

731 Special Astrophysical Observatory of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhniy Arkhyz, 369167, Russia

732 Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Nauchny, Crimea 298409

733 Kharadze Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia

734 Institute of Solar Terrestrial Physics, Irkutsk, 664033 Russia

735 Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, 13343, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

736 Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miusskaya 4, 125047, Moscow, Russia

737 Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, Astronomicheskaya st., 33, Tashkent, 100052, Uzbekistan

738 Centre for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa

739 Universität Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Germany

740 Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, P.O. Box 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany

741 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland

742 National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Marshall Baghramian Avenue, 24, 0019 Yerevan, Republic of Armenia

743 Instytut Fizyki Ja̧drowej PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków, Poland

744 Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan

745 LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France

746 Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules, Université Savoie Mont-Blanc, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux, France

747 University of Namibia, Department of Physics, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia

748 GRAPPA, Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904,1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands

749 Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Linnaeus University, 351 95 Växjö, Sweden

750 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany

751 GRAPPA, Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy and Institute of High-Energy Physics, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands

752 Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria

753 School of Physical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia

754 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 06, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE), 4 place Jussieu, F-75252, Paris Cedex 5, France

755 Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier, CNRS/IN2P3, CC 72, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

756 Université Bordeaux, CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Études Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, F-33175 Gradignan, France

757 IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France

758 Astronomical Observatory, The University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw, Poland

759 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universität Tübingen, Sand 1, D 72076 Tübingen, Germany

760 School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa

761 Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden

762 APC, AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité,10, rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France

763 Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK

764 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland

765 Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24/25, D 14476 Potsdam, Germany

766 Aix Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, CPPM, Marseille, France

767 Landessternwarte, Universität Heidelberg, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany

768 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France

769 Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Newtonstr. 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany

770 Obserwatorium Astronomiczne, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland

771 Centre for Astronomy, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Grudziadzka 5, 87-100 Torun, Poland

772 Japan Aerpspace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku,Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

773 Department of Physics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa

774 Heisenberg Fellow (DFG), ITA Universität Heidelberg, Germany

775 Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers Street, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia

776 Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK

777 Anton Pannekoek Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands

778 Long Island University, New York, NY 11201, USA

779 Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA

780 Air Force Research Laboratory, NM 87117, USA

781 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA

782 Long Island University, Brookville, NY 11548, USA

783 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

784 Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

785 Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México

786 Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, México

787 Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mexico

788 Department of Physics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

789 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA

790 Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

791 Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA

792 Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Optica y Electrónica, Puebla, Mexico

793 Instytut Fizyki Jadrowej im Henryka Niewodniczanskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, IFJ-PAN, Krakow, Poland

794 Facultad de Ciencias Físico Matematicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico

795 Departamento de Física, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactase Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico

796 School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

797 Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México

798 Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany

799 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA

800 School of Physics and Center for Relativistic Astrophysics—Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA 30332

801 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

802 Universidad Politecnica de Pachuca, Pachuca, Hgo, Mexico

803 Centro de Investigación en Computación, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México City, México.

804 Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

805 Physics Department, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, México City, DF, México

806 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico

807 Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Ciudad de México, México

808 Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA

809 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA

810 Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas – LIP and Instituto Superior Técnico – IST, Universidade de Lisboa – UL, Lisboa, Portugal

811 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino (INAF), Torino, Italy

812 INFN, Sezione di Torino, Torino, Italy

813 Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

814 University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia

815 Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro (CNEA-UNCuyo-CONICET), San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina

816 Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (CNEA, CONICET, UNSAM), Buenos Aires, Argentina

817 Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Facultad Regional Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina

818 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F., México

819 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

820 Gran Sasso Science Institute (INFN), L'Aquila, Italy

821 INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (L'Aquila), Italy

822 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA

823 INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Napoli, Italy

824 Institute of Space Science, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

825 Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia

826 Observatorio Pierre Auger, Malargüe, Argentina

827 Observatorio Pierre Auger and Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Malargüe, Argentina

828 University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

829 "Horia Hulubei" National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania

830 Università di Napoli "Federico II", Dipartimento di Fisica "Ettore Pancini," Napoli, Italy

831 Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS/IN2P3, Grenoble, France

832 Università Torino, Dipartimento di Fisica, Torino, Italy

833 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany

834 Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris-Sud, Univ.Paris/Saclay, CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay, France

835 Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

836 Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica "E.De Giorgi," Lecce, Italy

837 INFN, Sezione di Lecce, Lecce, Italy

838 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Física, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

839 Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Krakow, Poland

840 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Kernphysik, Karlsruhe, Germany

841 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523

842 RWTH Aachen University, III.Physikalisches Institut A, Aachen, Germany

843 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Experimentelle Kernphysik (IEKP), Karlsruhe, Germany

844 Universität Siegen, Fachbereich 7 Physik – Experimentelle Teilchenphysik, Siegen, Germany

845 Universidad de Granada and C.A.F.P.E., Granada, Spain

846 Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Catania, Italy

847 INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

848 Università di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milano, Italy

849 Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Lorena, SP, Brazil

850 Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Michoacán, México

851 Universidade Estadual de Campinas, IFGW, Campinas, SP, Brazil

852 Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (CNEA, CONICET, UNSAM), and Universidad Tecnológica Nacional – Facultad Regional Mendoza (CONICET/CNEA), Mendoza, Argentina

853 Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

854 INFN, Sezione di Milano, Milano, Italy

855 Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Aerospaziali, Milano, Italy

856 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA

857 University of Chicago, Enrico Fermi Institute, Chicago, IL, USA

858 Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Lecce, Italy

859 Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio (IAFE, CONICET-UBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina

860 Departamento de Física and Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires and CONICET,Buenos Aires, Argentina

861 Universidade Federal Fluminense, EEIMVR, Volta Redonda, RJ, Brazil

862 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Observatório do Valongo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

863 Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

864 Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor Palotina, Palotina, Brazil

865 IFLP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata and CONICET, La Plata, Argentina

866 Universität Hamburg, II.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Hamburg, Germany

867 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA

868 Stichting Astronomisch Onderzoek in Nederland (ASTRON), Dwingeloo, The Netherlands

869 New York University, New York, NY, USA

870 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Prozessdatenverarbeitung und Elektronik, Karlsruhe, Germany

871 Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

872 Experimental Particle Physics Department, J.Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia

873 Instituto de Física de Rosario (IFIR) – CONICET/U.N.R.and Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas U.N.R., Rosario, Argentina

874 Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE), Universités Paris 6 et Paris 7, CNRS-IN2P3, Paris, France

875 SUBATECH, École des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes, France

876 Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

877 University of Łódź, Faculty of Astrophysics, Łódź, Poland

878 University of Łódź, Faculty of High-Energy Astrophysics,Łódź, Poland

879 Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Brazil

880 Palacky University, RCPTM, Olomouc, Czech Republic

881 Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA

882 Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca, Nova Friburgo, Brazil

883 Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André, SP, Brazil

884 Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, México

885 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium

886 Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN (CINVESTAV), México, D.F., México

887 Università di Roma "Tor Vergata," Dipartimento di Fisica, Roma, Italy

888 INFN, Sezione di Roma "Tor Vergata", Roma, Italy

889 Also at Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Brasília, Brazil

890 Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Prague, Czech Republic

891 Centro de Investigaciones en Láseres y Aplicaciones, CITEDEF and CONICET, Villa Martelli, Argentina

892 Università dell'Aquila, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche, L'Aquila, Italy

893 KVI – Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

894 Also at Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Brussels, Belgium

895 INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo, Palermo, Italy

896 University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

897 Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA

898 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

899 Universitá di Catania, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Catania, Italy

900 Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 761000, Israel

901 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago 763-0355, Chile

902 Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago 763-0355, Chile

903 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA

904 National Center for Radio Astrophysics, Pune 411007, India

905 ARIES, Manora Peak, Nainital 263 001, India

906 Astronomical Observatory Institute, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul.Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań, Poland

907 Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology, Trivandrum 695547, India

908 Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands

909 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Granada, Spain

910 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (ShAO), Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, CAS, Shanghai 200030 China

911 Guilin University of Electronic Technology (GUET), Guilin 541004, China

912 JBCA, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK

913 Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, D-53121, Bonn, Germany

914 Konkoly Observatory, MTA CSFK, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary

915 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands

916 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands.

917 Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden

918 University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland

919 Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Electronic Systems, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland

920 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland

921 RIKEN, Wako, 351-0198 Saitama, Japan

922 McGill Space Institute and Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada

923 Department of Applied Geology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia

924 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia

925 LIGO Laboratory West Bridge, California Institute of Technology, MC 100-36, Room 257, Pasadena, CA 91125

926 Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

927 LSST, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA

928 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53177 Bonn, Germany

929 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

930 Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4111, USA

931 Inst. de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

932 Universidad de La Laguna, Dpto. Astrofísica, E-38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

933 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore MD, 21218

934 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-264, 04510 México, CDMX, Mexico

935 INFN—Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129, Italy

936 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia

937 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany

938 Department of Physics, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK

939 Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA

940 SKA South Africa, Pinelands, 7405, South Africa

941 Department of Astronomy, Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3 Rondebosch, 7701 South Africa

942 Deceased 2017 February.

943 Deceased 2016 December.

944 Deceased 2017 August 18.

945 Deceased 2016 August.

Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger (2024)
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